Bharat Ratna Award and Winners
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Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award in India. This award is given by the Government of India.
The recommendations for this award are made by the Prime Minister to the President, with a maximum of 3 nominees being awarded per year.
The Recipients receive a certificate that is signed by the President of India.
Now moving on to some important facts about this award.
|Front||An image of the Sun along with the words “Bharat Ratna”, inscribed in Devanagari script, on a peepal (Ficus religiosa) leaf.|
|Reverse||A platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto, “Satyamev Jayate” In Devanagari script.|
First Award Winners
The first award winners of Bharat Ratna in 1954 are:
|Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (Tamil Nadu)|
|C. Rajagopalchari (Tamil Nadu)|
|C.V. Raman (Tamil Nadu)|
|First Prime Minister to receive this award||Jawaharlal Nehru (U.P.) in 1955|
|First Posthumous to receive this award||Lal Bahadur Shastri (U.P.) in 1966|
|First president recipient of this award||Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan|
Tamil Nadu (1954)
|First Female to get this award||Indira Gandhi (U.P) in 1971|
|First Musician to get this award||Madurai Shanmukhavadivu Subbulakshmi (Tamil Nadu) in 1998|
|First Non-Indian to receive award||Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan also known as frontier Gandhi from Pakistan in 1987.|
|Youngest person to receive this award||Sachin Tendulkar (Maharashtra) in 2014|
Total Indian Presidents who receive this award.
There are total 6 presidents of India who receive this award, here is the list of all 6 presidents:
|Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan||Tamil Nadu (1954)|
|Rajendra Prasad||Bihar (1962)|
|Zakir Hussain||Uttar Pradesh (1962)|
|A. P. J. Abdul Kalam||Tamil Nadu (1997)|
|Dr. V V Giri||Odisha (1975)|
|Pranab Mukherjee||West Bengal (2019)|
2019 Bharat Ratna
You can check complete list of recipient of Bharat Ratna here
|1954||C. Rajagopalachari||An Indian independence activist, statesman, and lawyer, Rajagopalachari was the only Indian and last Governor-General of independent India. He was Chief Minister of Madras Presidency (1937–39) and Madras State (1952–54); and founder of the Indian political party Swatantra Party|
|Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan||He served as India’s first Vice-President (1952–62) and second President (1962–67). Since 1962, his birthday on 5 September is observed as “Teachers’ Day” in India.|
|C. V. Raman||Widely known for his work on the scattering of light and the discovery of the effect, better known as “Raman scattering”. He also receive Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.|
|1955||Bhagwan Das||Independence activist, philosopher, and educationist, and co-founder of Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapithand and also founded Banaras Hindu University with Madan Modan Malaviya.|
|M. Visvesvaraya||He was a Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire. 15 September, is observed as “Engineer’s Day” in India because of his birthday.|
|Jawaharlal Nehru||He was an independence activist and author. Nehru is the first and the longest-serving Prime Minister of India|
|1957||Govind Ballabh Pant||Social reformer and educator, Karve is widely known for his works related to woman education and remarriage of Hindu widows. He founded Widow Marriage Association (1883), Hindu Widows Home (1896), and started Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women’s University in 1916.|
|1961||Bidhan Chandra Roy||He was a physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker, Roy is often considered as “Maker of Modern West Bengal”. He was second Chief Minister of West Bengal (1948–62) and his birthday on 1 July is observed as National Doctors’ Day in India.|
|Purushottam Das Tandon||He titled as “Rajarshi”, Tandon was an independence activist and served as speaker of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly (1937–50).|
|1962||Rajendra Prasad||He was an independence activist, lawyer, statesman, and scholar, Prasad and closely associated with Mahatma Gandhi in the non-cooperation movement for Indian independence. He was later elected as the first President of India|
|1963||Zakir Husain||He was a Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University (1948–56) and the Governor of Bihar (1957–62).|
|Pandurang Vaman Kane||History of Dharmasastra: Ancient and Medieval Religious and Civil Law in India; the “monumental” work that extends over nearly 6,500 pages and being published from 1930 to 1962.|
|1966||Lal Bahadur Shastri||He gave slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan”, second Prime Minister of India (1964–66) and led the country during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965.|
|1971||Indira Gandhi||“Iron Lady of India”, Gandhi was the Prime Minister of India during 1966–77 and 1980–84. During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, her government supported Bangladesh Liberation War|
|1975||V. V. Giri||. Post-independence, Giri held positions of Governor of Uttar Pradesh, Kerala and Mysore and various other cabinet ministries. He became the first acting President and was eventually elected as the fourth President of India (1969–74)|
|1976||K. Kamaraj||Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for three terms; 1954–57, 1957–62, and 1962–63|
|1980||Mother Teresa||“Saint Mother Teresa of Calcutta” was a catholic nun and the founder of the Missionaries of Charity. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her humanitarian work in 1979 and was beatified on 19 October 2003 by Pope John Paul II and canonized on 4 September 2016 by Pope Francis.|
|1983||Vinoba Bhave||He was given the title “Acharya” and was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award (1958) for his humanitarian work.|
|1987||Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan||Widely known as “Frontier Gandhi”, independence activist and Pashtun leader Khan was a follower of Mahatma Gandhi. He joined Khilafat Movement in 1920 and founded Khudai Khidmatgar|
|1988||M. G. Ramachandran||He was an Actor turned politician Ramachandran served as Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu for three terms; 1977–80, 1980–84, and 1985–87.|
|1990||B. R. Ambedkar||Social reformer and leader of the Dalits (“Untouchables”), Ambedkar was the Chief architect of the Indian Constitution and also served as the first Law Minister of India. He was associated with the Dalit Buddhist movement and accepted Buddhism as a religion along with his followers on 14 October 1956.|
|Nelson Mandela||Leader of the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa, Mandela was the President of South Africa (1994–99). Called as the “Gandhi of South Africa”, In 1993, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.|
|1991||Rajiv Gandhi||Gandhi was the seventh Prime Minister of India serving from 1984 to 1989|
|Vallabhbhai Patel||Widely known as the “Iron Man of India”, Patel was an independence activist and first Deputy Prime Minister of India.|
|Morarji Desai||Independence activist Desai was the sixth Prime Minister of India (1977–79). He is the only Indian national to be awarded the Nishan-e-Pakistan|
|1992||Abul Kalam Azad||He was widely known as “Maulana Azad” and his birthday on 11 November is observed as National Education Day in India. Independence activist Azad was India’s first Minister of Education and worked towards free primary education|
|J. R. D. Tata||Industrialist, philanthropist, and aviation pioneer, Tata founded India’s first airline Air India.|
|Satyajit Ray||Having debuted as a director with Pather Panchali (1955), film-maker Ray is credited with bringing world recognition to Indian cinema. , Ray was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, India’s highest award in cinema in 1984.|
Independence activist Nanda was two times interim Prime Minister of India (1964, 1966) and two times deputy chairman of the Planning Commission.
|Aruna Asaf Ali||Independence activist Ali is better known for hoisting the Indian flag in Bombay during the Quit India Movement in 1942.|
|A. P. J. Abdul Kalam||Aerospace and defence scientist, Kalam was involved in the development of India’s first satellite launch vehicle SLV III and was the architect of Integrated Guided Missile Development Program. He worked for Indian National Committee for Space Research, Indian Space Research Organisation, Defence Research and Development Laboratory and was appointed as the Scientific Advisor to the Defence Minister, Secretary to Department of Defence Research and Development and Director General of Defence Research and Development Organisation. Later, he served as the eleventh President of India from 2002 till 2007.|
|1998||M. S. Subbulakshmi||The first Indian musician to receive the Ramon Magsaysay award. Carnatic classical vocalist Subbulakshmi, often hailed as “Queen of songs”,|
|Chidambaram Subramaniam||Subramaniam is known for his contribution towards Green Revolution in India. During the late 1970s, he worked for International Rice Research Institute, Manila, and the International Maize and Wheat Research Institute, Mexico.|
|1999||Jayaprakash Narayan||Independence activist, social reformer, and commonly referred as “Lok Nayak” (“People’s Hero”), Narayan is better known for “Total Revolution Movement” or “JP Movement” initiated during the mid-1970s to “overthrow the corrupt and exploitative Congress government”.|
|Amartya Sen||Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences (1998).|
|Gopinath Bordoloi||Independence activist Bordoloi is the first Chief Minister of Assam|
|Ravi Shankar||Winner of four Grammy Awards and often considered “the world’s best-known exponent of Hindustani classical music”|
|2001||Lata Mangeshka||In 1989, Mangeshkar was awarded the Dadasaheb Phalke Award. Widely credited as the “nightingale of India”, playback singer Mangeshkar started her career in the 1940s and has sung songs in over 36 languages.|
|Bismillah Khan||Shehnai player, Khan played the instrument for more than eight decades and is credited to have brought the instrument to the centre stage of Indian music.|
|2009||Bhimsen Joshi||He is widely known for the Khyal genre of singing with a “mastery over rhythm and accurate notes”.|
|2014||C. N. R. Rao||The recipient of Honorary Doctorates from 63 Universities including Purdue, IIT Bombay, Oxford, chemist and professor Rao has worked prominently in the fields of Solid State and Materials Chemistry, Spectroscopy and Molecular Structure|
|Sachin Tendulkar||He played 664 international cricket matches in a career spanning over two decades. He holds various cricket records including the only player to have scored one hundred international centuries, the first batsman to score a double century in a One Day International and the only player to complete more than 30,000 runs in both ODI and Test cricket.|
2015 Award Winners
|Atal Bihari Vajpayee||Madhya Pradesh|
|Madan Mohan Malaviya |
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